Hard Cell will see the comedian play a number of different characters inside a prison.
Tate said: “Exciting ain’t it?”
Netflix tweeted: “Tate plays multiple characters as a documentary crew follows the inmates and staff of a women’s prison.”
A promotional image for the comedy shows Tate posing for a police mugshot.
Executive producer Kristian Smith said: “We cannot wait to show audiences on Netflix the inside of HMP Woldsley, our fictional prison occupied by the fantastic creations of Catherine Tate.
“This series is funny and touching all at once, revealing what life might be like in a British women’s correctional facility.”